Nutritional Supplements Library
What is melatonin?
Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland of all mammals, including humans. It is naturally synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan.It is naturally secreted at night by brain. It is also available in food such as chicken, milk, peanuts and almonds but in insignificant amounts.
What is the effective dosage of melatonin supplementation?
For insomnia: 0.3mg to 5mg at bedtime.
For jet lag: 0.5mg to 5mg at bedtime for up to 5 days, beginning on the day of arrival at the destination.
For benzodiazepine withdrawal: 2mg controlled-release daily at bedtime for 6 weeks as the benzodiazepine dose is gradually decreased.
For smoking cessation: 0.3mg 3 1/2 hours after the last cigarette.
Follow the directions on the package of the product to know the duration.
What are the benefits of melatonin supplementation?
• Melatonin is used to treat sleeping disturbances often associated with jet lag.
• It is also used for smoking cessation.
• It also used to treat insomnia.
• It helps to withdraw benzodiazepine (drug use to treat insomnia) for individuals who have become dependent on those drugs.
What are the side effects of melatonin supplementation?
Melatonin is very safe at recommended dosage. The only side effects related with taking a large amount of melatonin are continued drowsiness and a slower reaction time.
• Supplemental melatonin should be synthetic since organic melatonin derived from animals carries the risk of possible contamination with viruses and other toxins. Because of concerns with contamination and safety, some countries prohibit the sale of melatonin supplements or restrict their use.
• It is not recommended for pregnant or breast feeding women.