Nutritional Supplements Library
What is saw palmetto?
Saw palmetto is a small palm tree that grows in coastal areas of the American southeast, parts of Africa, and southern Europe. It has white flowers that bloom in the spring and summer and produces clusters of olive-sized fruits that turn dark blue when ripe. Once dried, the fruits are used medicinally. Normally it reaches to a height of around 2-4 m. Its trunk is sprawling, and it grows in clumps or dense thickets in sandy coastal lands or as undergrowth in pine woods or hardwood hammocks.
Erect stems or trunks are rarely produced but are found in some populations. The leaves are 1-2 m in length, the leaflets 50-100 cm long. The flowers are yellowish-white, about 5 mm across, produced in dense compound panicles up to 60 cm long. The fruit is a large reddish-black drupe and is an important food source for wildlife.
What is the effective dosage of saw palmetto?
Saw palmetto supplements are available as capsules, tablets, and can also be purchased in liquid form. Oral saw palmetto products should be standardized to contain 80% or more of the active ingredients, which are fatty acids. The effective dosage of a standardized saw palmetto product range is from 320mg to 1000mg daily.
What are the benefits of saw palmetto?
• Saw palmetto relieves benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
• It helps to treat bladder inflammation and helps with urinary flow.
• It Increases libido.
• It increases in sperm production.
• It increases in breast size of women. However, there is no clinical evidence to support its effectiveness for this use.
• It is useful as a urinary antiseptic and diuretic.
• It prevents hair loss by inhibiting DHT production (conversion of testosterone to DHT).
• It may also exhibit anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, diuretic, and sedative properties.
What are the side effects of saw palmetto?
Although the side effects of saw palmetto are uncommon, allergic reactions to saw palmetto have been reported. Stop taking saw palmetto and seek emergency medical attention if you experience symptoms of a serious allergic reaction including difficulty breathing, cramping, nausea, diarrhea, or headache.
• It is not recommended for children, or for women who are pregnant or lactating.
• While saw palmetto is generally considered safe, one of its primary active ingredients, beta-sitosterol, is chemically similar to cholesterol. High levels of sitosterol concentrations in blood have been correlated with increased severity of heart disease in men who have previously suffered from heart attacks.